Basic Design Elements
Landscape design may be the art of arranging or modifying the features of a landscape for aesthetic or practical purposes. There are several basic designing elements that underlie the discipline of landscape design. These tried and true elements are the cornerstones of the world’s picture-perfect front entrance landscape design.
The basic elements of landscape design are:
- Color: proper application of color theory can influence the mood felt in a yard;
- Form: the form of a plant and the structure of its branching pattern;
- Line: eye movement or flow could be governed by the arrangement of plants and their borders;
- Scale: the size of one component in accordance with adjacent components.
- Texture: the way the surface of the object is perceived, in accordance with the objects around it.
These five elements should be considered in designing both hardscape (walls, walkways, borders, steps, driveways) and softscape (lawns, planting beds, trees and shrubs) of your property. Once you understand the basic elements, it’s time for you to consider the principles you’ll affect your front entrance landscape design.
Color, line, form, texture and scale would be the basic elements used in combinations to regulate design principles. There are six principles of landscape design that may be applied to adjust the overall “feel” of the landscape:
- Proportion: a feeling that the size of the individual components (the trees, shrubs, plants) or groups of components inside a landscape is consistent with the landscape as a whole.
- Transition: the graceful flow of changes between components or component groups.
- Unity: a feeling that all the landscape plants complement one another and have been chosen with one over-arching theme in your mind.
- Rhythm: the patterned repetition of a motif.
- Balance: consistency of visual attraction and pertains to all five of the basic elements.
- Focalization: forcing of the viewer’s perspective to some focal point.